Trends in Pharmacologic Relief
In the United States:
1. Hospitals with more than 1,500 births per year
2. Hospitals with 500 to 1,500 births per year
3. Hospitals with less than 500 births per year
Source: Theodore R. Marmor and David M. Krol. Labor pain management in the United States: Understanding patterns and the issue of choice. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;186(5):S173-80. [1997 epidural figures combine percentages for both epidural analgesia and newer combined spinal/epidural technique.]
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Childbirth Connection is a national not-for-profit organization founded in 1918 as Maternity Center Association. Our mission is to improve the quality of maternity care through research, education, advocacy and policy. Childbirth Connection promotes safe, effective and satisfying evidence-based maternity care and is a voice for the needs and interests of childbearing families.
Most recent page update: 11/16/2012