Acronyms



Below you will find a guide to many of the acronyms that apply to evidence-based maternity care, referencing quality tools, quality courses, agencies and organizations, and databases.

"Online source" indicates  that the resource is available online without charge. A cost-free registration may be required for access to some entries with this designation.

Clinical effectiveness quality tools
Maternity care quality and safety courses
Agencies and organizations
Databases of clinical effectiveness research



Clinical effectiveness quality tools

AGREE Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation
What: Checklist for evaluating quality of clinical practice guidelines
Website: http://www.agreecollaboration.org/
Articles: Brouwers MC, Kho ME, Browman GP, et al. AGREE II: advancing guideline development, reporting and evaluation in health care. AGREE Next Steps Consortium. CMAJ. 2010;182(18):E839-42.

Brouwers MC, Kho ME, Browman GP, et al. Development of the AGREE II, part 1: performance, usefulness, and areas for improvement. AGREE Next Steps Consortium. CMAJ. 2010;182(10):1045-52.
(Online Source, PDF)

Brouwers MC, Kho ME, Browman GP, et al. Development of the AGREE II, part 2: assessment of the validity of items and tools to support application. AGREE Next Steps Consortium. CMAJ. 2010;182(10):E472-78.
(Online Source, PDF)


ADAPTE None identified 
What: An approach to enhance efficiency in guideline development and improve utilization by adapting guidelines developed in one context for use in another context.
Website:
http://www.adapte.org/www/
Articles:
ADAPTE Collaboration. The ADAPTE Process: Guideline Adaptation: a resource toolkit. Version 2.0. 2009.
(Online Source)

Fervers B, Burgers JS, Voellinger R, et al. Guideline adaptation: an approach to enhance efficiency in guideline development and improve utilization. Qual Saf Health. Care 2011;  Jan 5 [Epub ahead of print]


AMSTAR  A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 
What: A 37-item assessment tool designed to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews by building upon previous tools, empirical evidence, and expert consensus
Website: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1810543/
Articles: Shea BJ, Grimshaw JM, Wells GA, et al. (2007). Development of AMSTAR: A measurement tool to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2007;7(10).
(Online Source)

Shea BJ, Hamel C, Wells GA, et al. AMSTAR is a reliable and valid measurement tool to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews. J Clin Epidemiol. 2009;62(10):1013-20.


ASSERT A Standard for the Scientific and Ethical Review of Trials 
What: Checklist for evaluating the quality of proposals for, and for monitoring, randomized controlled trials
Website: http://www.assert-statement.org/
Article: None identified


CAN-
ADAPTE
Guideline Adaption Project
What: Adaptation of the work of the international ADAPTE Collaboration for use in Canada.
Website: http://www.partnershipagainstcancer.ca/priorities/cancer-guidelines/strategic-initiatives/guideline-adaptation-project-can-adapte/
Article: Harrison HB, van den Hoek J. CAN-IMPLEMENT: Guideline adaptation and implementation planning resource. Canadian Guideline Adaptation Study Group. Version 1.0. April 2010.
(Online Source, PDF)


CASP Critical Appraisal Skills Programme 
What: Tools for developing and applying skills to critically assess research reports
Website: http://www.sph.nhs.uk/what-we-do/public-health-workforce/resources/critical-appraisals-skills-programme
Article: Taylor RS, Reeves BC, Ewings PE, Taylor RJ. Critical appraisal skills training for health care of professionals: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Med Educ. 2004;4:30.
(Online Source)


CHERRIES Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys
What: Checklist for standardized reporting of online surveys
Website: None identified
Article: Eysenbach G. Improving the quality of web surveys: the Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES). J Med Internet Res. 2004;6(3):e34.
(Online Source)


COGS Conference on Guideline Standardization 
What: Checklist for standardized reporting of guidelines
Website:
http://gem.med.yale.edu/cogs/
Article:
Shiffman RN, Shekelle P, Overhage JM, Slutsky J, Grimshaw J, Deshpande AM. Standardized reporting of clinical practice guidelines: a proposal from the Conference on Guideline Standardization. Ann Int Med. 2003;139(6):493-8.
(Online Source)


CONSORT Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials
What: Checklist for standardized reporting of randomized controlled trials
Website: http://www.consort-statement.org/
Articles: Schulz KF, Altman DG, Moher D. CONSORT 2010 Statement: updated guidelines for reporting paralell group randomized trials. BMJ. 2010;340:c332.
(Online Source)

Moher D, Hopewell S, Schulz KF, et al. CONSORT 2010 Explanation and Elaboration: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. BMJ. 2010;340:c869. 
(Online Source)

Antes, G. The new CONSORT statement. Editorial. BMJ. 2010;340:c1432.
(Online Source)


EQUATOR Enhancing the Quality and Transparency of Health Research
What: Network supporting good reporting of health research studies, with reporting guidelines library and resources for authors, editors, and developers
Website: http://www.equator-network.org/
Articles: Simera I, Altman DG, ACP Journal Club. Writing a research article that is “fit for purpose”: EQUATOR Network and reporting guidelines. Ann Int Med. 2009;151(4):JC2-2, JC2-3.

Simera I, Moher D, Hoey, J, et al. A catalogue of reporting guidelines for health research. Eur J Clin Invest. 2010;40(1):35-53.
(Online Source)


GEM  Guideline Elements Model 
What: An XML- based guideline document model that can store and organize the heterogeneous information contained in practice guidelines. It is intended to facilitate translation of natural language guideline documents into a format that can be processed by computers.
Website: http://gem.med.yale.edu/
Articles: Shiffman RN, Michel G, Adelwaheb E, Thornquist E. Bridging the guideline implementation gap: a systematic, document-centered approach to guideline implementation. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2004;11(5):418-426.
(Online Source, PDF)

Shiffman RN, Michel G. Toward improved guideline quality: using the COGS statement with GEM. Fieschi M, et al., eds., Proceedings of the 11th World Congress on Medical Informatics. Medinfo. 2004;159-163.
(Online Source, PDF)


GLIA  Guideline Implementability Appraisal 
What: A tool for the appraisal of the implementability of clinical guidelines.
Website: http://gem.med.yale.edu/glia/login.htm;jsessionid=7A90E57A6CB856714832DA9BF247D7A6
Article: Shiffman RN, Dixon J, Brandt C, et al. The Guideline Implementability Appraisal (GLIA): development of an instrument to identify obstacles to guideline implementation. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2005;5(23).
(Online Source)


GRADE Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation 
What: Checklist for grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations, which will soon be available as free software
Website:
http://www.gradeworkinggroup.org
Articles:
GRADE Working Group. Grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ. 2004;328(7454):1490.
(Online Source)

Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Schünemann HJ, Tugwell P, Knotterus A. GRADE guidelines: a new series of articles in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. J Clin Epidemiol. 2010 Dec 23 [Epub ahead of print, announcing a 20-part guide]


GRRAS  Guidelines for Reporting Reliability and Agreement Studies 
What: A proposed set of general guidelines for reporting reliability and agreement studies.
Website: None identified
Article: Kottner J, Audigé L, Brorson S, et al. Guidelines for reporting reliability and agreement studies (GRAAS) were proposed. J Clin Epidemiol. 2011;64(1):96-106.
(Online Source, PDF)


IPDAS International Patient Decision Aid Standards
What: Internationally approved criteria to determine the quality of patient decision aids
Website: http://www.ipdas.ohri.ca/
Article: Elwyn G, O'Connor A, Stacey D, Volk R, Edwards A, Coulter A, Thomson R, Barratt A, Barry M, Bernstein S, Butow P, Clarke A, Entwistle V, Feldman-Stewart D, Holmes-Rovner M, Llewellyn-Thomas H, Moumjid N, Mulley A, Ruland C, Sepucha K, Sykes A, Whelan T; International Patient Decision Aids Standards (IPDAS) Collaboration. Developing a quality criteria framework for patient decision aids: online international Delphi consensus process. BMJ. 2006;333(7565):417.
(Online Source, PDF)


MINORS Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies 
What: Checklist for assessing quality of non-randomized studies
Website:
None identified
Articles:
Slim K, Nini E,Forestier D, Kwiatkowski F, Panis Y, Chipponi J. Methodological index for non-randomized studies (MINORS): development and validation of a new instrument. ANZ J Surg. 2003;73(9):712-6.

Slim K, Nini E, Forestier D, Brugere C, Kwiatkowski F, Panis Y, Chipponi J. Validation of a methodological index (MINORS) for non-randomized studies. Ann Chir. 2003;128(10):688-93.


MOOSE Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology 
What: Checklist for standardized reporting of observational research
Website:
None identified
Article:
Stroup DF, Berlin JA, Morton SC, Olkin I, Williamson GD, Rannie D, Moher D, Becker BJ, Sipe TA, Thacker SB, for the Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) Group. Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: a proposal for reporting. JAMA. 2000;283(15):2008-12. 
(Online Source)


PRISMA Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (formerly QUOROM)
What: Checklist and flow chart for standardized reporting of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials
Website: http://www.prisma-statement.org/
Article: Moher D, Liberati A,Tetzlaff J, Altman DG. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2009;151(4):264-269.
(Online Source)


SORT Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy 
What: Checklist and flow charts for assessing quality, quantity and consistency of evidence when rating individual studies or bodies of evidence
Website:
None identified
Article:
Ebell MH, Siwek J, Weiss BD, Woolf SH, Susman J, Ewigman B, Bowman M. Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT): A Patient-Centered Approach to Grading Evidence in the Medical Literature. Am Fam Physician. 2004;69(3):548-56.
(Online Source)


SQUIRE Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence
What: Standards for writing high-quality articles about health care quality improvement
Website: http://www.squire-statement.org/
Articles: Ogrinc G, Mooney SE, Estrada C, et al. The SQUIRE (Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence) guidelines for quality improvement reporting: explanation and elaboration. Qual Saf Health Care. 2008;17(Supplement I):i13-i32.
(Online Source)

Davidoff F, Batalden P, Stevens D, Ogrinc G, Mooney SE. Publication guidelines for quality improvement studies in health care: evolution of the SQUIRE project. BMJ. 2009;338:a3152.


STARD Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy
What: Checklist and flow chart for standardized reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy
Website:
http://www.stard-statement.org/
Article:
Bossuyt PM, Reitsma JB, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP, Irwig LM, Lijmer JG, Moher D, Rennie D, de Vet HCW, for the STARD Group. Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: the STARD initiative. Ann Int Med. 2003;138(1):40-5.


STARLITE Sampling strategy, type of study, approaches, range of years, limits, inclusion and exclusions, terms used, electronic sources
What: Proposed standards for reporting literature searches
Website: None identified
Article: Booth A. “Brimful of STARLITE”: Toward standards for reporting literature searches. J Med Libr Assoc. 2006;94(4):421-9, e205.
(Online Source)


STROBE Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology 
What: Guidelines for reporting observational studies
Website:
http://www.strobe-statement.org
Article:
von Elm E, Altman DG,Egger M, et al.; STROBE Initiative. The Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. PLoS Med. 2007;4(10):e296.
(Online Source)


SUPPORT Supporting Policy Relevant Reviews and Trials
What: Tools for those who make decisions about health policies and programs (i.e., health system managers and policy makers) and those who support them
Website: http://www.support-collaboration.org/supporttool.htm
Article: Oxman A, Hanney S, eds. SUPPORT Tools for Evidence-Informed Health Policymaking (STP) [special issue with 19 articles. Health Res Policy Syst. 2009;7(suppl. 1).
(Online Source)


TREND Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Non-Randomized Designs 
What: Checklist for standardized reporting of non-randomized studies
Website:
http://www.trend-statement.org
Article:
Des Jarlais DC, Lyles C, Crepaz N, for the TREND Group. Improving the reporting quality of nonrandomized evaluation so of behavioral and public health interventions: the Trend Statement. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(3):361-6


Maternity care quality and safety courses

ALARM Advances in Labor and Risk Management
What: Multidisciplinary course for high-quality intrapartum care
Website: http://www.sogc.org/alarm2005/english/index.shtml
Article: Windrim R, Ehman W, Carson GD, Kollesh L, Milne K. The ALARM course: 10 years of continuous professional development in intrapartum care and risk management in Canada. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2006;28(7):600-2.


ALSO Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics 
What: Course to help maternity caregivers develop and maintain knowledge and skills to effectively manage perinatal emergencies
Website:
http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home/cme/aafpcourses/clinicalcourses/also.html
Article:
Beasley JW, Dresang LT, Winslow DB, Damos JR. The Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) program: fourteen years of progress. Prehospital Disaster Med. 2005;20(4):271-5.
(Online Source, PDF)


Care
Team OB
 
What: Blends maternity care curriculum of the ALSO program with the teamwork development curriculum of the Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS®) program in institutional course for skills enhancement, emergency preparedness, teamwork and communication enhancements
Website:
None identified
Article:
Dresang LT, Davis S, Miller K, Olden C, Atwood L. Chapter L: Safety in maternity care. In: Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) Course Syllabus. August 2010; 1-15.
(Online Source, PDF)


MOET Managing Obstetric Emergencies and Trauma
What: Advanced course for obstetricians and anesthesiologists to improve knowledge and skills for dealing with difficult, serious, and life-threatening conditions in obstetrics
Website: http://www.alsg.org/en/?q=en/moet
Article: Grady K, Howell C, Cox C. Managing Obstetric Emergencies and Trauma: The MOET course manual. Second edition. London: RCG Press, 2007.


MORE OB Managing Obstetrical Risks Efficiently
What: Comprehensive, three-year, patient safety, professional development, and performance improvement program for caregivers and administrators in hospital maternity units
Website: http://moreob.com/
Article: Milne JK, Lalonde AB. Patient safety in women's health-care: professional


PROMPT Practical Obstetric Multiprofessional Training
What: Training package for midwives, obstetricians and anesthesiologists to implement a fully evaluated obstetric emergencies course within their maternity units
Website: http://www.prompt-course.org/welcome
Article: Draycott T, Winter C, Crofts J, Barnfield S, eds. PROMPT: Practical Obstetric Multiprofessional Training: course manual. London: RCOG Press, 2008.


Team
STEPPS
Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety 
What: A teamwork system designed for health care professionals focused on improving patient safety, which has been applied to maternity care
Website:
http://teamstepps.ahrq.gov/
Articles:
Clancy CM, Tornberg DN. TeamSTEPPS: Assuring optimal teamwork in clinical settings. Am J Med Quality. 2007;22(3):214-217.
(Online Source, PDF)

King HB, Battles J, Baker DP, et al. TeamSTEPPS: team strategies and tools to enhance performance and patient safety.  In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al. eds.  Advanced in patient safety: New directions and alternative approaches. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ);2008:5-20.
(Online Source, PDF)


Agencies and organizations

AHRQ  Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality 
What: U.S. federal agency for improving quality, health care safety and effectiveness; commissions evidence reports about health care practices and preventive services and sponsors a guidelines clearinghouse, among much other work
Website: http://www.ahrq.gov/
Articles: Helfand M, Morton S, Guallar E, Mulrow C, eds. Challenges of summarizing better information for better health: the Evidence-base Practice Center Experience [special issue]. Ann Int Med. 2005;142(12 part 2):1033-1125.
(Online Source)

Colleagues can make a difference. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada MORE(OB) program. Best Pract Res: Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;21(4):565-79.


G-I-N Guidelines International Network
What: Promotes cooperation in clinical practice guidelines development, adaptation, and implementation; maintains guidelines library
Website: http://www.g-i-n.net/
Articles: Holmes M. The Guidelines International Network: translating best evidence into best practice around the globe. Healthc Q. 2008:11(1):64-7, 2.

Ollenschläger G, Marshall C, Qureshi S, Rosenbrand K, Burgers J, Mäkelä M, Slutsky J; Board of Trustees 2002, Guidelines International Network (G-I-N). Improving the quality of health care: using international collaboration to inform guideline programmes by founding the Guidelines International Network (G-I-N). Qual Saf Health Care. 2004;13(6):455-60.


INAHTA International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment 
What: Promotes cooperation and sharing of information among agencies and organizations that carry out health technology assessment
Website:
http://www.inahta.org/
Article:
Hailey D. Toward transparency in health technology assessment (a checklist for HTA reports). Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2003;19(1):1-7.


NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (formerly, National Institute for Clinical Excellence) 
What: Provides national guidance on health promotion and on prevention and treatment of ill health in the UK; makes systematic reviews and guidelines available in formats for various stakeholders
Website:
http://www.nice.org.uk/
Article:
Pearson SD, Rawlins MD. Quality, innovation, and value for money: NICE and the British National Health Service. JAMA. 2005;294(20):2630-2.


NICS National Institute of Clinical Studies
What: As part of the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), NICS works to improve health care by getting the best available evidence from health and medical research into everyday practice
Website: http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/nics/index.htm
Article: None identified


USPSTF United States Preventive Services Task Force 
What: Independent panel that systematically reviews evidence about effectiveness and harms of clinical preventive service, and develops recommendations
Website:
http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/prevenix.htm
Article:
Eisenberg JM, Kamerow DB, eds. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [special issue]. Am J Prev Med. 2001;20(3, supplement 1):1-107.


Databases of clinical effectiveness research

DARE Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects 
What: Database of structured abstracts that assess the quality of systematic reviews
Website:
http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/crdweb/Home.aspx?DB=DARE
Article:
None identified


HTA Health Technology Assessment Database 
What: Database of abstracts of technology assessments carried out by members of International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment
Website:
http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/crdweb/Home.aspx?DB=HTA
Article:
None identified


NHS EED National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database
What: Database of structured abstracts that assess the quality of economic evaluations of health care interventions
Website: http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/crdweb/Home.aspx?DB=NHS%20EED
Article: Nixon J, Duffy S, Armstrong N, Craig D, Glanville J, Christie J, Drummond M, Kleijnen J. The usefulness of the NHS Economic Evaluation Database to researchers undertaking technology assessment reviews. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2003;20(3):249-57.


RHL The WHO Reproductive Health Library 
What: Electronic review journal presenting the best evidence on reproductive and sexual health from Cochrane reviews as practical actions for clinicians and policy makers in low- and middle-income countries, in online and CD formats
Website:
http://apps.who.int/rhl/en/index.html
Article:
None identified


Most recent page update: 2/18/2011


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